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Survival preparedness includes numerous precautionary steps to protect yourself and your family. These steps should be prioritized and accomplished in order according to their importance. One of the most crucial steps in survival preparedness is storing and preparing a way to provide drinkable water in survival situations.

Water is the life-fluid for the human body. It aids and facilitates a variety of bodily functions such as carrying nutrients and oxygen to cells, allows proper digestion, flushing waste and toxins from the body, regulates body temperature and cushioning the joints. In a way, water can compared to oil in a vehicle. With the proper amount and quality of oil, a vehicle runs smoothly and efficiently. With low oil level and quality, a vehicle will run roughly and the different parts will begin to fail. With no oil a vehicle will burn out and eventually die. Water has the same effect on the body.

The standard amount of water a person should drink is eight 8 ounce glasses per day. This amount is difficult to drink for most people. The correct amount of water a person should drink per day depends on each individual. A good rule of thumb is the more the better! Men should drink more water than women and women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should drink more water than women who are not. Also, a person that exercises should drink more water than someone who does not. Climate and altitude also play a role in how much water a person should drink. High altitude and a dry or hot climate cause the required daily amount of water to go up. Clothing also plays a part in necessary water consumption. Since different parts of the body lose different quantities of water through evaporation, breathing and sweating, the necessary daily intake of water for each person also depends on the clothing a person is wearing.
Not drinking enough water often occurs in survival situations and leads to dehydration. Even if you are simply thirsty, you are experiencing a mild state of dehydration. Some signs that you are dehydrated include dry skin, constipation, frequent urinary tract infections, reoccurring headaches, muscle weakness, sleepiness and dizziness.

Dehydration is a key concern for survival preparedness. Once you are dehydrated, your body begins to shut down and continues to shut down until the required supply of water is replenished. Without water, the average person can last a few days to a just over a week at the most. This short timeline that one can last without water is partly due to evaporation factors. In an extremely hot climate, a person may not last even 24 hours without water. In cooler climates, a person may last a week.

Without water, the kidneys shut down within a couple of days which eventually leads to death. In addition, without adequate water the body experiences other side-effects such as ketosis and uremia (build up of toxins in the blood), organ failure, electrolyte imbalance that causes cardiac arrhythmia, seizures, low blood pressure leading to blood clots, brain damage and eventually death.

Water is also a key factor of survival preparedness because it affects morale. Staying positive and focused in a survival situation is difficult if you do not have enough water to keep you from becoming dehydrated.

Though the effects of having no water are serious, the precautions one can take to have sufficient water for survival preparedness are affordable and simple. Many options exist to ensure you are prepared for survival situations such as water purification devices and tablets, water filtrations devices and various storage options. No matter the method you choose to ensure you will have water to drink in survival situations, do not underestimate water’s role in survival preparedness.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/2920699

President Trump has made sweeping efforts to scrap Obama-era environmental protections, but the current administration’s latest moves are oddly specific.

The National Park Service (NPS) announced Wednesday that it has rescinded the 2011 “Water Bottle Ban” that allowed parks to prohibit the sale of disposable plastic water bottles. That same day, news emerged that the Trump administration removed a nine-slot Capital Bikeshare station at the White House that was requested and installed during the Obama years and used by staffers.

The NPS said that the bottled water ban “removed the healthiest beverage choice at a variety of parks while still allowing sales of bottled sweetened drinks.” Revocation of the 2011 memorandum is effective immediately.

“While we will continue to encourage the use of free water bottle filling stations as appropriate, ultimately it should be up to our visitors to decide how best to keep themselves and their families hydrated during a visit to a national park, particularly during hot summer visitation periods,” acting NPS director Michael T. Reynolds explained.

According to the Wilderness Society, 23 national parks had adopted the policy, including Grand Canyon, Mount Rushmore, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and Zion National Park. The group said the Water Bottle Ban—an effort under President Obama’s Green Parks Plan to promote the use of tap water and refillable bottles on federal lands—helped parks “simultaneously reduce park waste and carbon emissions.”

But as the San Francisco Chronicle reported, the water bottle ban was opposed by the beverage industry that had long lobbied to change the policy.

Watchdog groups criticized the initiative. “Just as we’ve seen across the board with the Trump administration, this is an example of the industry working behind the scenes to protect its profits,” Lauren DeRusha Florez, associate campaign director at Corporate Accountability International, told the Chronicle. “Plastic water bottles have a tremendous environmental impact.”

Wenonah Hauter, executive director of Food & Water Watch, was far from pleased with the announcement. “This action puts the NPS firmly on the side of major corporations that make up the bulk of the bottled water industry,” she said. “This latest move is yet another attempt to weaken the policies that protect our vital, vulnerable natural resources.”

Meanwhile, Trump has also nixed a Capital Bikeshare dock on 17th Street and State Place that was set up in 2010.

District Department of Transportation spokesperson Terry Owens told the Washingtonian that the station was removed earlier this week at the Trump administration’s request.

It’s unclear what the White House had against the bikeshare station. One suggestion, a DC resident explained to Breitbart, is that the Trump administration wanted to trim spending. Trump’s budget proposal in May cuts funds for the Transportation Investment Generating Economic Recovery (TIGER) act, which funded construction for many of DC’s Capital Bikeshare stations, the Right-wing publication pointed out.

On the other hand, as Raw Story noted, “Capital Bikeshare users average saving $631 per year on personal travel cost, meaning the removal of the 9-slot station could cost White House staff $5,679 in increased transportation expenditures.”

4. Why we shouldn’t reuse plastic bottles

A plastic bottle can exude dangerous chemicals. Pay attention to the special signs on the bottom: those numbered triangles indicate which kind of plastic was used.

  • A bottle labeled 1 (PET or PETE) is only safe for a single use. When exposed to oxygen or high temperatures, including sun heat, such a bottle will discharge toxic substances that get into the water.
  • Avoid bottles labeled 3 or 7 (PVC and PC) as they exude toxic chemicals able to penetrate your food and drinks, and lengthy exposure can even result in severe health problems.

Bottles made of polyethylene (2 and 4) and polypropylene (5 and PP) are suitablefor multiple uses. They’re relatively safe if you only store cold water in them and regularly disinfect them.

3. Bacteria and basic hygiene breaches

Drinking water from a used plastic bottle is almost the same as licking a toilet seat, a dog’s toy, or even worse scientists say. The amount of bacteria in such bottles often exceeds safety limits. We create the perfect growth conditions ourselves by taking the bottle with dirty hands, not rinsing it thoroughly enough, and keeping warm water in it.

What to do then? Wash bottles regularly with warm soapy water, vinegar, or antibacterial mouthwash.

Even with washing the bottles thoroughly, we may still get food poisoning or even hepatitis A. Research showed that most bacteria live on bottle necks that you can’t wash well enough. Twist caps and sliding caps teem with germs that you swallow along with water. To be on the safe side, use a straw.

2. Where does your water come from?

A lot of companies love to mention on their packaging that the water you buy comes from a picturesque stream. But the truth is a lot of times the water you buy in a bottle is identical to the water you get from your faucet at home!

Actually, you can even see that on the bottle itself, usually in a tiny text that everybody neglects. Companies are obliged to explain that the source of water for them is the main water supply channel. That way the water costs way, way less than what you are paying for it!

1. Not really healthy

Not even mentioning the bacteria hazard, there are common misconceptions about water.

Bottled water companies want to attract the new market of young and sporty people. So they advertise bottled water with different tastes added to it, claiming “it’s healthier for you” than other sugary drinks.

Well, in fact, sometimes this water can contain as much sugar as a soda! To not be fooled by advertising, always check the information on the label.

If you live in (or are taking a trip to) Florida, listen up. You have a new reason to be squeamish around rats and snails—they could be carrying a life-threatening parasite.

A new study found that rat lungworm, a brain-infecting parasite, is spreading throughout the Sunshine State, according to the Huffington Post. Rat lungworm is already present in Louisiana, Texas, and Hawaii, and it could continue to spread throughout the United States.

The parasite, which is carried by rats and snails, can infect the brain and cause meningitis in people, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It can also cause headaches, neck stiffness, nausea, vomiting, and abnormal sensations. In rare cases, the parasite has caused neurological problems or death. You can become infected if you consume animals or produce exposed to the parasite.

In the latest study from the University of Florida, researchers found rat lungworm living in rats and snails in five northern and central Florida counties. The parasite had already been found in southern Florida, so this new development has shown how it can and may continue to spread.

No cases of rat lungworm in humans have been reported in Florida yet, but there have been reported human cases in Hawaii for more than 50 years. While the parasite has historically thrived in tropical climates, we now know that it can also spread to more temperate regions.

Researchers say that to help prevent infection and properly identify infected people, awareness is key. “The parasite is here in Florida and is something that needs to be taken seriously,” Heather Stockdale Walden, the study’s lead author, said in a statement. “The reality is that it is probably in more counties than we found it in, and it is also probably more prevalent in the southeastern U.S. than we think.”

To prevent rat lungworm, it’s important to wash produce thoroughly, as very small snails can hide in lettuce leaves. You should also teach children not to eat raw snails, and be aware of the risks of eating snails, frogs, and crustaceans. To protect your pets and livestock, check watering troughs for snails and monitor snail-eating habits.

(h/t Huffington Post)

From: Country Living

There are many reasons to be worried about the new president and his actions. the crap that is going on makes me wonder just what country we live in!! What has happened to our basic human rights? Are we even the “Land of the Free” anymore? This is getting crazy! Indiana Water Filters highly recommends that everyone get a high quality home water filter to protect your family against the inevitable water contamination to come.

Trump administrations blocks EPA from talking to the media amid spending freeze reports

The new U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s spending freeze on contracts and grants that’s been reported by national news outlets could potentially have big implications in Louisville and across Kentucky and Indiana.

While there’s a difference between a spending freeze and spending cuts, it’s hard to know how costly the move could be because EPA wasn’t providing any explanation after the Trump administration instituted a media blackout at the agency, according to the Associated Press.

It was also not clear Tuesday afternoon whether the action affects existing grants or contracts or new ones.

A spokesman for U.S. Sen. Mitch McConnell, the Senate majority leader, declined to comment other than to say Congress was working on the federal budget.

The National Association of Clean Air Agencies said it’s trying to learn more about what the Trump administration did. “If true, this will be horribly disruptive to state and local air pollution control agencies,” said William Becker, executive director of the air association.

An EPA database shows what’s at stake – a steady flow of money from the federal government to state agencies, universities, cities and nonprofit groups, with much of that funding used for Louisville and Kentucky’s efforts to comply with federal clean-air and clean-water mandates. Spending in Indiana was for similar purposes.

The database shows EPA in the last decade has awarded at least $600 million in more than 400 grants to support Kentucky projects such as helping to improve drinking water systems, academic research, air quality monitoring and natural habitat improvements including projects in Louisville’s Olmsted Parks. The EPA has issued more than 500 Indiana grants over the decade, spending at least $700 million.

►RELATED: Ky environmental body faces potential demise

►WATCH: Environmental politics in an era of Trump, Bevin

EPA provides the Louisville Metro Air Pollution Control District with about $760,000 annually for air quality monitoring and the permit program for Louisville’s largest industrial sources of air pollution, agency spokesman Tom Nord said.

He declined further comment because of the preliminary nature of the news.

Attorney Art Williams, a former state regulator who also formerly ran Louisville’s air pollution district, said he’s not sure that EPA has the authority to block the spending used to meet clean-air mandates. The air monitoring is used to demonstrate whether the city complies with standards for lung-damaging ozone and other pollutants.

Among numerous grants from the EPA to the Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet was money for hazardous waste management, toxic substances compliance monitoring, water quality management planning, and other programs.

http://www.courier-journal.com/story/tech/science/environment/2017/01/24/epa-spending-freeze-could-hurt-ky-ind/96999390/

A review of government water analysis by an Environmental Working Group study reveals that 75% of drinking water in America is contaminated with cancer-causing hexavalent chromium – also known as chromium-6).

map-2016-chromium6-lower-48

What is Chromium-6?

Chromium-6 or hexavalent chromium, is used in industrial operations such as chrome plating and the manufacturing of plastics and dyes.It has been linked to liver and kidney damage in animals as well as to leukemia, stomach cancer, and other cancers. Hexavalent Chromium has been found in the tap water of thirty-one out of thirty-five cities sampled.

Of these cities, twenty-five had levels that exceeded safety standards. Sadly, even if your water is not contaminated with any of these substances, it may still be unsafe to drink.

America’s Infrastructure Collapsing Into Third World Status

The deliberate poisoning of public water systems with fluoride, a neurotoxic chemical purchased in bulk from Chinese chemical plants (or sometimes acquired as a waste product from fertilizer manufacturing factories) is another systematic approach by the powers that be to cause havok upon the population.

With the claim that the nation is fluoride deficient, they blissfully pump our water supplies full of the chemical– a completely false and highly irresponsible claim.

In reality, many children suffer from fluorosis, a dark mottling and discoloration of the teeth caused by too much exposure to toxic fluoride.

Avoid fluoride. A highly toxic metal, fluoride accumulates in certain areas of the brain (the pineal gland and hippocampus) and has been shown to significantly lower IQ and interfere with memory and complex brain functions. Studies have shown that even concentrations of 0.5 parts per million (ppm) can damage cells and microvessels in the brain. Yet, 60 percent of our public drinking water is fluorinated at higher levels of 1 to 1.3 ppm.

What’s astonishing in all this is just how quickly America’s infrastructure is collapsing into “Third World” status under the rule of a corrupt political establishment. The education system has become nothing more than a propaganda indoctrination system; the food supply is inundated with unlabeled GMOs and toxic herbicides like glyphosate; and now the water is too toxic to drink almost everywhere.

California, a corrupt regime run by incompetent communists and “progressive” idiots, went right along with the toxic chemical industry to allow an astonishing 500 times higher levels of chromium-6 than what’s known to be safe.

From the EWG report:

The California scientists based their public health goal of 0.02 parts per billion solely on protecting people from cancer and other diseases. Public health goals are not legally enforceable, but legal limits are supposed to be set as close as possible to health goals while considering cost and technical feasibility.But the California Department of Public Health relied on a flawed analysis that exaggerated the cost of treatment and undervalued the benefits of stricter regulation, and adopted a legally enforceable limit of 10 parts per billion.

But, wait… according to the lunatics selling contaminated “superfoods,” chromium-6 is all just fine because it’s “naturally occurring”…

There also exists some highly unethical superfood / raw foods companies that claim eating heavy metals is actually GOOD for you as “lead, mercury, arsenic and cadmium are all naturally occurring.”

Well then, according to the EPA, chromium-6 causes cancer and it’s also “naturally occurring.” I guess that means you’re supposed to drink more, right? From the EPA website:

Chromium-6 is naturally occurring in the environment. It’s a by-product from the erosion of natural chromium deposits.

It can also be produced by industrial processes. There are demonstrated instances of chromium being released to the environment by leakage, poor storage, or inadequate industrial waste disposal practices.

If you Aren’t Filtering Your Water, You’re Committing Chemical Suicide

After becoming aware of all the toxic metals and chemicals in the drinking water these days, if you aren’t filtering your water with a reputable, lab-verified water filter, you’re basically participating in the chemical suicide of humanity.
 Source: http://www.organicandhealthy.org/2016/09/chromium-6-was-just-found-in-75-of.html

2015squaredistributorbigTo Our Valued Distributors:
For years I have made it a habit when I travel to test the water in whatever city or country I am visiting for the presence of chlorine. I guess this is because the OTO chlorine test is a simple and easy way to determine the need for a drinking water filter, and this is the test I used in the early years when I was knocking on doors to create an interest in Multipure. Back then, I found that being able to show a prospective customer the presence of chlorine in their tap water was an effective way of demonstrating the need for a drinking water filter in their home. Not only were most people surprised by the presence of chlorine, but they were also impressed with how easy it was to remove. Even today, I am surprised at how many people are not only unaware that there is chlorine in their water, but also that there are adverse health effects in drinking chlorinated tap water.
Historically, chlorine has been added to our drinking water supplies by municipalities since 1908 to make the water microbiologically safe. Prior to 1908, thousands of people in the country died from drinking tap water that contained diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and helminths (parasitic worms). The chlorination of our tap water saved countless lives and has been called one of the greatest health achievements of the 20th century.
The fact is, adding chlorine to tap water prevents these diseases and continues to provide microbiological protection for the American Public. It has always been our premise that having chlorine in tap water is a good thing. It can do its job and kill the bacteria and viruses in your drinking water, but that does not mean you need to drink it. Once the chlorine has effectively killed the bacteria and viruses, simply remove it with an effective filter before you drink the water. Using an effective point-of-use drinking water filter is logical, because you can let the chlorine work, and then remove it to leave you with nothing but safe, delicious drinking water.
So why is this so important? Because, while chlorine has been proven to be an effective way to kill bacteria and viruses, it has also been proven to have some very serious long term adverse health effects. In 1969 – 61 years after the beginning of adding chlorination to our water – Dr. Joseph M. Price published studies indicating that the long term consumption of chlorinated tap water increases the risk of heart disease. And according to the U.S. Council of Environmental Quality, the cancer risk to people who drink chlorinated water is 93 percent higher than among those whose water does not contain chlorine.
And even more, there is much that has been learned about the adverse health effects of chlorinated tap water as it relates to their disinfection byproducts (DBPs), but I will go into more detail regarding DBPs in future messages.
So, if for no other reason, a person should have a Multipure system in their home to remove chlorine from their tap water. Over 85% of the U.S. population has either chlorine or chloramine (which is just as bad as chlorine) in their tap water, so there is a good chance that people you know are drinking chlorinated or chloraminated water – unless, of course, they have a Multipure system in place. And if you test your water with OTO and detect no chlorine, then that means there is no protection from bacteria in your water, and you would need a filter even more.
Let me finish this message with the following reminders:
  • The President’s Cancer Panel Report stated: You should not drink tap water unless it has been filtered through a carbon filter!
  • The Silent Spring Institute stated: You should not drink tap water unless it has been filtered through a CARBON BLOCK FILTER!
  • If for no other reason, your friends and neighbors should have a Multipure system in their home to remove the chlorine or chloramine from their tap water.
  • You are providing a great service to human kind. Make sure you do not let a day pass without sharing your knowledge.
Better Health through Better Water.
Sincerely,
Alvin Rice, Co-Founder

With so much information about the contamination of drinking water supplies in the news lately, many people run right out and purchase a home water filter to reduce and remove contaminants of health concern. While we agree, the best way to battle the ever increasing threats to our drinking water is to use a water filter, not all filters are created equal.

Turns out the most popular water purification products DO NOT reduce or remove the most dangerous water contaminants. As consumers, we have a right to know if the products we buy do what they say they will do. For water filtration, we expect the unit purchased will clean our water and make it safe to drink. But, is the filter purchased doing the job? How do we know?

Enter NSF International

NSF International is an independent agency dedicated to public health and safety. NSF does not mean National Science Foundation as some may think. NSF was founded in 1944 as the National Sanitation Foundation, they changed our name to NSF International in 1990 and expanded their services beyond sanitation and into global markets. The letters in the organization’s name do not represent any specific words today.

Manufacturers, regulators and consumers look to NSF International for the development of public health standards and certification programs that help protect the world’s food, water, consumer products and environment. Their mission is to protect and improve global human health. As an independent, accredited organization, they develop standards, and test and certify products and systems. They provide auditing, education and risk management solutions for public health and the environment.

NSF and Water Purification

When making a water filter purchase, it is important to do the research. Look for the NSF seal of approval. Then read the fine print. Products are certified for many aspects by NSF. The seal on some water filter products is actually not for the contaminants it reduces, but rather for the durability of the unity itself. So look at the fine print to see what is actually certified. Or better yet, visit NSF International’s website and look up the brand you are considering. Find out why it is certified.

Here is a good image comparing some popular home water filtration products.

water-filters

Everyone should use a quality home water purification system to insure that their water is safe to drink. The purchase of a water filter must be taken seriously so the correct filter is purchased. There is a lot of information on the quality of home water treatment products. Make sure you are purchasing the one that will reduce the most contaminants.

 

iws-logoWhy residents of Indiana should be worried about Indiana Water Safety.

With the publicity of the Flint Water Crisis come questions about the rest of the country’s water safety. Many contaminants are found in drinking water no matter where it comes from. Public water supply or private wells are often contaminated with something that is a danger to health. Most never know what contaminants are in their water. They just assume that their water is safe unless a problem is notable by a discoloration or foul odor. The fact is most of the contaminants that can harm health, do not smell bad or are visible to the naked eye.

The EPA sets forth standards that all public water supplies must adhere to.  Certain levels of some contaminants are allowed to be present in water tests. There are guidelines for reporting testing results of municipal water filtration plants. While this sounds good in theory, in practice many officials at municipal water plants know how to make their test results meet these standards when they are tested. Some have questioned whether or not these would be different at other times throughout the year.

how-lead-gets-injpg-1e9d798a1edee129From 2013 to 2015, Indiana has had water system testing in high schools. Out of almost 1,400 schools tested, about 40 tested for lead levels exceeding the minimum requirements of 15 parts per billion. North Vermillion High School along with the Baugo Community Schools in Elkhart, Indiana are among the 40 high schools.

When it comes to lead poisoning, one school with elevated lead levels is too many. The adverse health effects of lead poisoning are often life changing. In the case of North Vermillion High, early testing showed lead levels more the 3 times the EPA guidelines. More recent testing has resulted in better results, still any amount of lead in water children are exposed to.

Dr. Bruce Hatton stated that the highest tested levels were after a break when water was idle. The old water pipes leached lead into the standing water. Some of the water lines have been replaced which will help lower the levels, but my question is, is any amount of lead in a child system a good thing? And just how long have the children been exposed?

Most schools in the US are not required to test their water for lead. This is due to the fact that their water is provided by a public water supply that is tested regularly. Water testing kits are cheap. For as little as 30 bucks every school could test their water for lead. So why don’t they?

With all that has happened in Flint, a measly 30.00 or less would insure lower chances of lead exposure for children. Why would schools not make this part of their regular maintenance routine? Or better yet, require all schools to use a quality water filtration system? While a water filter system for an entire school would be costly, the right filter would reduce many contaminants giving our children access to clean, healthy drinking water throughout the school year.

Become familiar with what contaminates that could be making you or your family ill. Review Indiana’s ISDH water supply information.  Contaminants such as lead are easily controlled with the use of a water filter. There is really no way of knowing at any given time what is contaminating water. Anyone can have their water tested at a reputable facility. If anyone questions the quality of their water, either test with a kit or send it off. Always be sure your water filter is listed with the NSF for truth in advertising.

 

 

 

 

 

Seriously, you are reading correctly, Indiana water is the worst in America. But why is Indiana’s water so bad?

Information provided by the independent research group, Environment America. Their research shows that 206 million pounds of toxic waste was dumped into US water in 2012. Over 17 million pounds of this toxic mess was dumped in Indiana. This is more than any other state in the USA.

Why Indiana Water is The Worst

indiana-rivers-mapEnvironment America gathered their data from the EPA. Along with the self reported industrial data, their information also comes from a report from the government referred to as the Toxics Release Inventory.

Indiana officials claim the data is not totally true. Amy Smith, a spokesperson for IDEM claims that the Environment America study does not have the whole picture of what is really going in with the water in Indiana. The Toxics Release Inventory report only charts data from a few industrial factories and plants. The study does not consider pesticides and other farming chemicals nor does it include chemicals spewed from the vehicles that travel Indiana’s road ways.

The IDEM tests samples from rivers, streams and lakes. The Indiana Department of Environmental Management really must start doing a better job reporting and cleaning up Indiana rivers, streams and lakes. Monitoring is just not enough. It is one thing to know what is contaminating the water and quite another entirely to clean up the problem.

There are times when you may find people fishing the St. Joe River. Some even eat their catch. But if they read study from the Environment America, they might think twice about eating anything that comes out of that river.

Where Does Indiana Water Pollution Come From?

There is not only industrial waste dumped in Indiana water. There is also storm drain runoff flowing freely. What is in the storm drain runoff? A toxic mix of car pollution with oil and anti-freeze, PCBs degreasers and who knows what else, are all flowing freely into the nearest body of water.

The complete studies from the Environment America visit their website here.

For more information on what industrial companies are near where you live in Indiana, go here. Enter your address in the space provided and find out just what hazardous waste just might be in your Indiana water.

If you think Flint Michigan is the only place with a catastrophic water event, think again. They are just yelling the loudest and finally being heard. I don’t care where you live, if there are people, factories, farms or cars, the water is likely polluted with something that public water systems cannot remove, or are in your private well. Every home in Indiana and beyond should have a water filter.

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